Sewing Machine Disassembly (Janome, Singer, Pfaff…) Update 05/2022

The cover is the initial step in every home sewing machine repair. Unfortunately, the method for removing the cover has evolved through time, and different brands have different methods for doing so. When it comes to troubleshooting, nothing is ever simple.

Because there is no one way to remove the covers from different models of sewing machines, the specific brands will be covered in detail in later sections. Some require the removal of screws, while others rely on the snap system. Then there are those that are old or antique and have their own process.

How to Take Apart a Sewing Machine (Janome, Singer, Pfaff...)

Continue reading this post to learn how to remove the cover from your sewing machine. It goes over several different brands to provide you with the information you need to remove your sewing machine’s cover.

How to Take Apart a Sewing Machine

Determine which system your sewing machine was given as the initial step in this process. If you’re just removing a few screws, the next step is to grab the right screwdriver and store the screws somewhere safe so you can find them later.

This implies you must be orderly with those screws, as it is inconvenient to have the cover misaligned or have extra screws left over. It’s advisable to devise your own strategy for organizing those screws, especially when the cover removal is difficult, proper organization is essential.

Remove the cover in a systematic manner, starting on the right and working your way to the left. Naturally, this is dependent on the way the sewing machine is facing.

After that, begin with the try, then the lower arm cover, and finally the needle bar cover. The needle, needle plate, and bobbin case should next be removed, followed by the hook cover and hook itself.

Starting with the back screws, proceed in a right to left direction with the screws. As needed, remove all screws. If the screw can stay in place, there’s no use in adding to the collection of screws.

These instructions may not be applicable to all covers or sewing machines. This is just one example; you must follow the design of your machine. After you’ve removed everything, clean the inside parts and remove any old lubricant.

The difficult part will be putting the covers and pieces back together. To avoid having to disassemble the machine and repeat the process, make sure you remember where everything went.

How do I Remove My Sewing Machine Cover?

This is the most straightforward aspect of any sewing machine repair. It only takes two screwdrivers and a little time to remove the cover from many devices. The front cover is a good place to start, and you’ll need to find the screw that keeps it in place.

A Phillips head screwdriver is most likely required, however a flat head could also be used. This cover is normally held in place by with one screw. Replacing the front cover will not be difficult or frustrating if that is all you need to do with the sewing machine.

If you need to go much deeper, you’ll need to remove all of the dial knobs. These simply pull off with a little effort, and there’s only one method to put them back on, so it’ll be simple when the time comes.

Next, locate the screw hole plugs on the rest of the plastic coverings and gently peel them off. The best tool for the job is a flat head screwdriver. Once you’ve removed the screws, look inside the holes to discover which screwdriver you’ll need to remove them.

After you’ve removed the screws, pry the two halves apart. BEWARE: Some brands contain plastic latches that hold the plastic coverings together. If you use too much force, the latches may break, so seek for and use the release tabs.

Not everything will be easy because some brands include a screw in the shuttle area that holds the back half of the sewing machine body together. Remove the screw or screws in question. Make sure the presser foot is lowered before removing the plastic covers.

Be cautious when removing the back cover that covers the electrical plug and power switch. After you’ve removed the cover, you may go to work on your repairs or oiling.

Old Sewing Machines - instruction manuals and performance benchmarks - iFixit Repair Guide

Take Apart a Singer Sewing Machine

The owner’s or maintenance handbook is one of the first pieces of equipment you should have on hand. This handy guide will show you where the screws are and save you some time in finding them.

The following step is to disconnect the machine from all power sources. Make that the power cord, foot pedal, and power switch are all unplugged. A surprise while attempting to remove the cover is the last thing you need.

You must now locate all of the screws once you have reached this point. Some are in the bottom, others at the rear, and still more are tucked away in the sides. Simply locate the screws and remove them with your screwdriver.

Remember to search for and pry out any screw hole plugs. Your job isn’t done yet because some Singer sewing machines, such as the 9960, require unsnapping as well. The difficulty with this technique is that plastic is not as strong as metal and can break easily.

You could end up with a hefty replacement bill if you pull too hard or forget to look for the latch. Your troubleshooting jobs should be much easier once you remove the covers, and your only concern will be putting everything back together without harming anything or having excess screws left over.

Reassembly takes time as well, and you’ll need patience when you come to that point. Simply reverse your procedures and make sure your screws are organized so you can put the proper ones in the right places.

How to Take Apart a Janome Sewing Machine

This operation may be a little more complex than the Singer because more than a few screws will need to be removed. The first step will be to disconnect the machine and remove all of the dial knobs.

Start with the faceplate and belt cover in the second phase. Screws should be used to secure those two things to the machine. At the front of the machine, there are screws that must either be loosened or removed. One is at the machine’s top, one is above the needle, and the last is beneath the needle plate.

But you’re not finished yet. Next, walk to the back of the machine and remove the three screws that are keeping the front cover in place. One is hidden behind a socket, while another may be hidden beneath a plastic cover in a hard-to-reach location.

Finally, to access the two screws, you must turn the machine on its side. The first is easy to find, whereas the second is hidden in a deep screw hole. After you’ve located and removed all of the screws (a Phillips head screwdriver is required), you should be able to easily take the front cover off.

The spool pins, as well as around 8 screws, must be removed from the rear covers. All of which can be found at various locations on the sewing machine, including the front, top, bottom, side, and rear. There are also latches to manipulate.

If you require a diagram to assist you in finding those screws, etc., It will take you to the front cover diagram, and all you have to do now is click the next page button to see the back cover diagram. Return to the previous page for the face plate and base cover diagrams.

How to Disassemble a Brother Sewing Machine

It can be difficult to remove the needle plate cover on a Brother sewing machine. To begin, turn on the machine and press the button once or twice to raise the needle. The machine must then be turned off and unplugged.

The needle, embroidery foot, and embroidery unit are then removed by raising the presser foot. The bobbin cover latch must then be slid to the right and the bobbin cover removed.

Place your right index finger on the latch at the bottom of the needle plate cover with your right hand. Your left index finger goes to the back of the cover’s notch, while your left thumb goes to the front. Now pull the cover closer to you.

To remove the cover on another machine, you must first remove the needle, thread, bobbin, and bobbin case. The shuttle hook and needle plate are then removed. After that, remove the screw that holds the needle plate housing in place. The screw is located in the housing’s back.

Remove the light bulb next, then focus on the three screws at the machine’s back. Remove the back cover by unscrewing those. When the cover is secure, begin unscrewing the bolts that hold the motor in place. Pull the wires apart from the connector.

Then proceed to the top of the machine head to remove the thumbscrews there. This will aid in the removal of the presser bar, and you will need to loosen the grub screw to completely remove it. To remove this part, you’ll need a pair of pliers.

Then unscrew the thumbscrews on the tensioner, remove the disc and spring, and remove the stud with a flat head screwdriver. The tensioner and spring can be removed at this point.

Finally, using a Phillips head screwdriver, unscrew the screws holding the belt guard in place. Remove them before removing that screw from the handwheel. Make sure you stay organized so no parts go missing or get damaged.

Disassemble a Husqvarna Sewing Machine

To begin, remove the face plate by pressing the latch at the front of the machine down to loosen it up and remove it from the top screw.

The arm sleeve must then be removed, and you must press the plastic latch on the machine’s outside, then drop the feed teeth and remove the screw from the inside. Remove the sleeve.

The back cover is easier to remove because it has two screws, one in the front and one in the back. Then go to the bobbin winding thread guide and unscrew the screw underneath it.

There may be two more screws to unscrew on the bottom, but newer models have a nylon stud and locking system. That’s about as simple as it gets, but keep in mind that we’re only talking about one or two sewing machines, and different models, particularly older ones, may have different designs and more screws to remove.

If you still have it, refer to the diagrams in your owner’s manual or service manual. A picture speaks a thousand words.

How to Take Apart a Bernina Sewing Machine

Bernina may have the simplest cover removal design of all the leading sewing machine brands, despite its complexities and features. At least for the 801 sewing machine and the frame cover.

The machine has a release knob on the bottom, at least according to the image we saw, but we can’t be certain. Once you’ve located that knob, simply press it to release the frame cover. When you’re doing this, be gentle.

You are only allowed to remove the headcover if the machine is still under warranty, which could be a long one. Only an authorized repairman is allowed to remove the remaining covers, according to Bernina.

Bernina has established strict protocols for these activities. You are not permitted to go beyond what was demonstrated in the Bernina Machine Mastery Class if you have taken it.

The company recommends that you have your Bernina sewing machine inspected once a year, and there are a few things you’ll need to bring. If you have an older model, the power cord and foot control, the bobbin you’re having trouble with, one or both bobbin cases, and a stitched sample of your problems.

You don’t need to bring the feet that aren’t bothering you, the accessory kit, the slide-on tray, or thread spools.

How to Disassemble a Kenmore Sewing Machine

These instructions may not be applicable to all Kenmore sewing machine models. The face plate will be the simplest to remove, as it only has one plug and one screw to remove before sliding off the machine.

Brother XR-40 Back Panel Disassembly - iFixit Repair Guide

The belt cover is the same way, with only one screw to remove on the machine’s bottom. The cover will easily slip off after that. The bottom of the base plate has four screws, which should not be a problem.

The front cover, on the other hand, has approximately 9 screws that must be removed from the front, back, bottom, side, and top. Two dials must also be removed. To access the diagram that will help you locate all of the screws, click this link.

There are eight screws in the back cover, and they are distributed throughout the machine. To see their location, click the next page button after clicking the link above. Simply take your time and go in order to avoid making future screws more difficult to loosen.

How do You Take Apart a Pfaff Sewing Machine?

The first step in disassembling any sewing machine, including the Pfaff, is to make sure your cat isn’t lying in the way on your work table. The fewer possible distractions, the better.

Faff may not put the locations of the screws or give instructions on how to disassemble their machines in the service or owner’s manuals because they do not want you to work on the parts, according to our research.

However, here are some instructions for Pfaff 1200 series free arm sewing machines from the 1970s and 1980s. The top cap should be removed first. The good news is that it is not held in place by screws.

The bad news is that you must first remove this cover before proceeding to the next. To remove it, lift it up and towards the back. Then, to remove the thread holder from the machine, lift it straight up.

The top of the front cover has two set screws on each side. To remove the cover, they must be loosened rather than removed. The motor cover has only one screw to remove, and once removed, simply pull down and towards you. The hand wheel will be cleared.

5 screws must be removed from the bottom cover. There are four large ones visible right away and a fifth smaller one hidden in a hole. There could also be a screw in the free arm’s bottom.

That should be the end of it. When removing any of the interior parts, be cautious because pieces tend to fall out and you may not know where to replace them.

How to Disassemble a Treadle Sewing Machine

Sewing on the old treadle machines was a joy. They were straightforward and lacked the bells and whistles that modern machines do. This facilitates disassembly. A few adjustable wrenches, a hammer, a Phillips screwdriver, and a flat head screwdriver will be required.

The first step is to remove the machine from the cabinet by tilting it back and removing the four screws that hold it in place. The treadle must then be removed from the legs, which requires only four screws to be removed. When you take it out of the cabinet, make sure it’s upright.

The retaining pin or cotter pin that holds the pitman rod in place must be removed in the third step. If the pin is a cotter pin, straighten it before gently tapping it with the hammer.

After that, remove the pitman rod assembly from the crank end. You only need two wrenches to loosen the nut, and then a screwdriver to remove the center screw once it’s loose.

Remove the hinge screws with a screwdriver after loosening the lock nuts that hold the pedal in place. With a wrench, remove the dress guard, then proceed to the drive wheel and remove the lock nut. Pull the wheel toward you after removing the cone-bearing screw. That concludes the discussion.

Final Thoughts

When dismantling a sewing machine, there are two things to keep in mind. Make sure you have your owner’s or service manual handy, and that your warranty hasn’t expired.

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